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    一八前头二连码:英语动词不定式十大考点

    2019-04-17 10:24:23 来源网站: 8的连码是什么数字

    8的连码是什么数字 www.shggeg.shop 英语动词不定式十大考点 本文简介:

    动词不定式十大考点一、定义:它是动词的一种非谓语形式,没有人称和数的变化,不能单独作句子的谓语。其构成形式为to+动词原形,to为动词不定式的符号,本身无意义。二、特点:1.具有动词的特点,因此,后面可以跟表语、宾语或状语,构成动词不定式短语。2.具有名词、形容词或副词的特点,可以在句子中用作主

    英语动词不定式十大考点 本文内容:

    动词不定式十大考点
    一、定义:它是动词的一种非谓语形式,没有人称和数的变化,不能单独作句子的谓语。其构成形式为"to+动词原形",to为动词不定式的符号,本身无意义。
    二、特点:1.具有动词的特点,因此,后面可以跟表语、宾语或状语,构成动词不定式短语。2.具有名词、形容词或副词的特点,可以在句子中用作主语、宾语、宾语补足语、状语、定语、表语及同位语等。
    三、运用
    (一)动词不定式作主语
    1、解析:动词不定式作主语时,可以直接放在谓语动词前面的主语位置,也可以用先行词it作形式主语,而将真正的主语(不定式)置于后面。
    2、常见的句式有:
    (1)
    It
    is
    +形容词nice,?kind,?clever,?good,?right,?wrong,?foolish,?careless(of?sb)to
    do?sth.
    (2)
    It
    is
    +名词(for?sb)to
    do?sth.
    (3)
    It
    takes
    sb.
    some
    time
    to
    do
    sth.
    (4)
    It
    is
    +形容词hard,?difficult,?easy,?important(for?sb)to
    do?sth.
    3、举例
    (1)It"s
    our
    duty
    _________
    the
    room
    every
    day.
      A.
    to
    clean
    B.
    cleaned
    C.
    clean
    D.?cleans
    (2)It"s
    hard
    for
    us
    _________
    English
    well.
      A.
    learn
    B.
    learns
    C.
    to
    learn
    D.?learning
    (3)建造这座立交桥将花费工人们一年多的时间。
    It
    will
    _________
    the
    workers
    over
    a
    year
    _________
    _________
    the
    flyover.
    (4)It"s?very
    nice
    _________
    you
    to
    get
    me
    two
    tickets
    ________
    the
    World
    Cup.
    A.
    for,?of
    B.
    of,?for
    C.
    to,?for
    D.
    of,?to
    (二)
    动词不定式作宾语
    1、
    解析:在want,?like,?agree,?hope,?wish,?learn,?begin,?start,?seem,?decide,?hate,?choose,?forget,?remember等动词后面,可以接不定式作宾语。如果其后接形容词补足语时,则可以用it作形式宾语,而把作真正宾语的不定式放到后面。
    2、
    举例
    (1)He
    wants
    ______
    some
    vegetables.
      A.
    buy
    B.
    buying

    C.
    to
    buy

    D.
    buys
    (2)
    Don"t
    forget
    ______
    your
    homework
    with
    you
    when
    you
    come
    to
    school.
      A.
    to
    bring
    B.
    bringing

    C.
    to
    take

    D.
    taking
    (3)He
    found
    it
    very
    difficult
    ______.
    A.
    sleepingB.?sleeps

    C.?slept?
    D.
    to
    fall
    asleep
    (三)
    动词不定式作宾语补足语
    1、解析:不定式可以用作宾语补足语。后面可以接不定式作宾语补足语的动词有:ask,?teach,?expect,?tell,?allow等。
    2、举例
    (1)Robert
    often
    asks
    us
    ______
    his
    Chinese,
    so
    his
    Chinese
    is
    much
    better
    than
    before.
    A.
    help?him?B.
    to
    help
    him
    with
    C.
    to
    help
    with

    D.
    helps
    him
    with
    (2)Mr?Li
    often
    teaches
    his
    Japanese?friends?______
    Chinese
    food.
    A.
    cook

    B.
    cooks

    C.
    to
    cook

    D.
    cooked

    (四)动词不定式作状语
    1、解析:
    (1)go,come,try,try
    one"s
    best等动词或短语动词作谓语时,其后常??梢越硬欢ㄊ阶髂康淖从?br>(2)"be
    +形容词+
    to
    do?sth"结构中的不定式作状语,常表示原因或方式
    (3)"too
    +形容词/副词(for?sb)to
    do…"(太……而不能……)和"enough
    (for?sb)
    to
    do…"(足以、足够……做……)结构中,不定式作结果状语。
    2、举例
    (1)
    She
    went
    ______
    her
    teacher.
      A.
    to
    see
    B.
    looks
    C.
    saw
    D.
    seeing
    (2)Meimei?likes
    English
    very
    much.
    She
    does
    her
    best
    ______
    English
    well.
      A.
    learn
    B.
    learning
    C.
    to
    learn
    D.
    learns
    (3)I"m
    sorry
    ______
    that.
      A.
    hears
    B.
    hearing
    C.
    hear
    D.
    to
    hear
    (4)I"m
    sorry
    ______
    you.
    A.
    trouble
    B.
    to
    trouble
    C.
    troubling
    D.
    troubled
    (5)My
    mother
    was
    very
    glad
    ______
    her
    old
    friend.
    A.
    to
    meet
    B.
    meet
    C.
    met
    D.
    meets
    (6)The
    panda
    is
    so
    fat
    that
    it
    can"t
    go
    through
    the
    hole.(改为意思相同的句子)
      The?hole?______
    ______
    ______
    ______
    such
    a
    fat
    panda
    to
    go
    through.
     ?。?)
    The
    ice
    on
    the
    lake
    was
    so
    thin
    that
    people
    couldn"t
    skate
    on
    it.
    (改为意思相同的句子)
      The
    ice
    on
    the
    lake
    wasn"t
    ______
    enough
    ______
    people
    ______
    ______
    _____.
    (五)动词不定式作定语
    1、解析:不定式作定语时,常放在被修饰的词语之后,与被修饰的词语为逻辑上的主谓关系或动宾关系;如果不定式的动词是不及物动词,其后要加上必要的介词或副词,构成的短语动词相当于及物动词。
    2、举例
      1.
    Would
    you
    like
    something
    ______?
      A.
    drink
    B.
    drinking
    C.
    to
    drink
    D.
    drinks
      2.
    I
    have
    a
    lot
    of
    homework
    ______.
      A.
    do
    B.
    doing
    C.
    did
    D.
    to
    do
      3.
    He
    is
    not
    an
    easy
    man
    ______.
      A.
    get
    on
    B.
    to
    get
    on
    C.
    get
    on
    with
    D.
    to
    get
    on
    with
    (六)不带to的动词不定式
      1.
    We
    saw
    him
    ______
    the
    building
    and
    go
    upstairs.
      A.
    to
    enter
    B.
    enter
    C.
    entering
    D.
    entered
    (河南省)
      2.
    So
    much
    work
    usually
    makes
    them
    ______
    very
    tired.
      A.
    to
    feel
    B.
    feels
    C.
    feeling
    D.
    feel
    (吉林省)
      3.
    Your
    father
    is
    sleeping.
    You"d
    better
    ______.
      A.
    not
    wake
    up
    him
    B.
    not
    to
    wake
    up
    him
      C.
    not
    wake
    him
    up
    D.
    not
    to
    wake
    him
    up
    (陕西省)
      4.
    I
    was
    made
    ______
    my
    homework
    in
    the
    afternoon.
      A.
    do
    B.
    doing
    C.
    to
    do
    D.
    did
    (贵州省)
      Key:?1.
    B
    2.?D
    3.?C
    4.?C
      [简析]1.在see,?watch,?hear,?feel等感官动词和make,?have,?let等使役动词后面作宾语补足语的不定式不带to.但是在被动语态中,作主语补足语的不定式要带to(let没有被动语态)。2.在"had
    better"后面接不带to的不定式。
      七、动词不定式的否定形式
      1.?Mr?Black
    asked
    the
    man
    ________
    the
    queue.
      A.
    not
    to
    jump
    B.
    to
    not
    jump C.
    didn"t
    jump
    D.
    not
    jump
    (广西壮族自治区)
      2.
    The
    old
    man
    told
    the
    child
    ______
    noisy.
      A.
    not
    be
    B.
    not
    to
    be
    C.
    to
    not
    be
    D.
    be
    not
    (湖北省)
      3.
    There
    is
    going
    to
    ______
    an
    important
    meeting
    tomorrow.
    Please
    try
    ______
    late.
      A.
    have,?not
    to
    be
    B.
    have,?not
    be
      C.
    be,?not
    to
    be
    D.
    be,?not
    be
    (内蒙古自治区)
      Key:?1.
    A
    2.?B
    3.?C
      [简析]动词不定式的否定形式通常是在不定式符号to的前面加上not,如果是不带to的不定式就直接在动词原形前面加上not.
      八、某些动词后面接不定式和接动词-ing形式的区别
      1.
    Please
    stop
    ______
    a
    rest
    if
    you
    feel
    tired.
      A.
    to
    have
    B.
    having
    C.
    have
    D.
    has
    (广西壮族自治区)
      2.
    ——Why?didn"t
    you
    buy
    some
    bread
    on
    your
    way
    home?
      ——Sorry,
    I
    forgot
    ______
    some
    money
    with
    me.
      A.
    take
    B.
    taking
    C.
    to
    take
    D.
    took
    (湖北省)
      3.
    ——Let"s?have
    a
    rest,
    shall
    we?
      ——Not?now,
    I
    can"t
    stop
    ______
    the
    letters.
      A.?write?B.
    to
    write
    C.
    writing
    D.
    and
    write
    (湖北省)
      4.
    Jim
    was
    badly
    hurt,
    so
    he
    had
    to
    stop
    ______
    (walk).
    (用所给单词的正确形式填空)(四川省)
      Key:?1.
    A
    2.?C
    3.?C
    4.?walking
      [简析]一些常见的动词后面接不定式和接动词的-ing形式的区别如下:"stop
    to
    do?sth"意为"停止正在做的事情去做另外一件事","stop
    doing?sth"意为"停止正在做的事":"remember
    to
    do?sth"意为"记住去做某事"(事还未做),"remember
    doing?sth"意为"记得做过某事"(事已做):"go
    on
    to
    do?sth"意为"接着做某事"(做完一事,接着做另一事),"go
    on
    doing?sth"意为"继续做某事"(一事未做完接着往下做):"forget
    to
    do?sth"意为"忘了做某事"(事还未做),"forget
    doing?sth"意为"忘了曾做过某事"(事已做)。
      5.
    When
    I
    was
    walking
    in
    the
    street
    I
    saw
    a
    plane
    ______
    over
    my
    head.
      A.
    flies
    B.
    flying
    C.
    flew
    D.
    to
    fly
    (福建省)
      6.
    A
    woman
    saw
    it
    ______
    when
    she
    was
    walking
    past.
      A.
    happen
    B.?happens?C.
    happening
    D.
    to
    happen
    (黑龙江省)
      Key:?5.
    B
    6.
    A
      [简析]在see,?hear,?watch,?feel等感官动词后面可接不带to的不定式,也可接动词的-ing形式作宾语补足语,用不定式表示动作的全过程(动作已结束),用动词的-ing形式表示动作正在进行(动作尚未结束)。
      九、动词不定式的省略及其符号to的保留
      1.
    Would
    you
    like
    to
    go
    to
    the
    cinema
    with
    us?
      Yes,
    ______.
    What
    time
    are
    we
    going
    to
    meet?
      A.
    I
    would
    B.
    I
    would
    like
    C.
    I
    like
    to
    D.
    I"d
    like
    to
    (浙江省)
      2.
    Would
    you
    like
    to
    go
    for
    a
    picnic
    with
    us?
      ______.
    What
    time
    are
    we
    going
    to
    meet?
      A.
    No,
    I
    can"t
    B.
    Yes,
    I"m
    glad C.
    Yes,
    I"d
    love
    to
    D.
    I"d
    like
    (大连市)
      Keys:?1.
    D
    2.
    C
      [简析]在口语中,动词不定式中的动词或短语动词在上下文中重复出现时,第二个动词不定式可以省略,但是to不可省略。这种用法常见于"be
    glad
    to","would
    like
    (love)
    to","have
    to"等结构中。
      十、动词不定式的被动式和其他形式
      The
    new
    hospital
    ______
    is
    near
    the
    factory.
      A.
    build
    B.
    builds
    C.
    to
    build
    D.
    to
    be
    built
    (青海省)
      Key:?D
      [简析]当不定式的逻辑主语是不定式所表示的动作的承受者(宾语)时,用动词不定式的被动式,即:to
    be
    +过去分词;如果不定式所表示的动作发生在谓语动词表示的动作之前,不定式用完成式,即:to
    have
    +过去分词;如果不定式表示的动作和谓语动词表示的动作同时发生,用不定式的进行式,即:to
    be
    +现在分词

    英语动词不定式十大考点 本文关键词:不定式,十大,英语,动词,考点

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